State of Maine Geography
Among the six states in the New England region is Maine, a state that has abundant natural resources spread all around it. The state has a unique geography that can be seen across the 35,387 square miles that it covers in the northeastern part of the United States. Maine has neighbors on all its boundaries with Quebec as well as New Brunswick on its north side; Atlantic Ocean on its south side and New Hampshire and part of Quebec on its west side. Its geographic center is Piscataquis County which can be easily located within the state. To be able to understand the geography of Maine much better, it is advisable to divide it into three land areas and these include:
New England Upland - This land area forms the larger part of the state and is a generally a plateau that has many low mountains as well as hills. It is located on the northwest side of the well known coastal lowlands has a width that is between 20-50 miles and also stretches from the south of Canada to Connecticut. However, there are some areas in the state that are flat such as northeastern Aroostook Plain which is known for the production of potato crops because of its fertile soil. On its south side, are lakes as well as streams that run fast creating a unique scenery.
Coastal lowlands - Generally, this region is low-lying and lies along the coast of the Atlantic Ocean but has occasional hills in a number of areas. The landscape is rocky and has valleys as well as islands that the sea created from former hilltops. The islands are quite a number and they extend into the sea where deep estuaries can also be found. The Acadia National Park is one of the best locations to view the scenery of the coastal lowlands. However, some parts of the coastal lowlands especially the north and the south, have sandy beaches which are a favorite of tourists.
Long fellow Mountains - This area has mountains that are low and rounded which include the White Mountains that are found in New Hampshire and spread across most of Maine. The mountainous area is different from the well known mountain landscapes as most of its peaks are widely separated. The area is also where Mount Katahdin which has the highest peak in the state is located, and it rises to 1,605m above the sea level. Other summits also exist in the area and rise up to heights of 910 to as high as 1,280m.
Geographical landscapes in Maine
Although Maine has a wide variety of landscapes and natural scenery there are those that stand out and are considered to be a unique attribute of the state. These landmarks include mountains, rivers and even lakes that are major in terms of size, height or other features that cannot be found in other similar locations in the state.
- The mountain peaks in Maine are approximately 2,589 with the highest one being Mount Katahdin which is a mountain range. Other mountain summits that are quite famous include Crocker Mountain, Sugarloaf and Old Speck. There are also other mountains that are considered to be major and they include Goose Eye, North Brother, Saddleback Mountain and Spaulding Mountain among others.
- The rivers in Maine are more than five thousand with the longest one being St. John River. However, some other rivers that are considered to be major include Androscoggin, Kennebec, St. Francis, Little black and Orange River among others. These rivers are spread all around Maine with some of them being used for fishing purposes while others serve as tourist attractions.
- Lakes also form a large part of the geography of the state of Maine and they number approximately 2000. Among the two thousand water bodies, there are ponds as well as springs, with the springs being the source of most of the bottled water in the state. Nevertheless, there are some lakes that are well known and they include Sebago and Moosehead which are the largest. Other major lakes in Maine include Auburn, Square, Presley, Debouille and Molunkus among others.
- Maine has eighty percent of forest cover which is made up of different types of trees which include hardwoods, fir, white pine, spruce and hemlock. These forests are hemmed in by numerous woods as well as abundant water which ensure that they continue to grow well. In these forests are many different types of wild animals, fish and even birds with the most common ones being the black bear, moose and deer.
The climate of Maine also plays a major role in the geography of the state as it provides the general weather conditions of the area. The climate of Maine can be described as humid continental with its summers being warm as well as humid; while the winter season is snowy and very cold. However, the areas around the Atlantic Ocean enjoy a generally moderate climate because of their proximity to the water body. In addition, Maine is not prone to severe weather conditions such as tropical storms, tornadoes and hurricanes which make it as safe area to live for most of its residents and visitors.
Natural attractions in Maine
Among the geographical landscapes that are present in the state of Maine there are a few that stand out and are considered to be natural attractions by many visitors to the state. Some of these natural attractions in Maine include:
Appalachian Trail - This trail is 2,100 meters long and starts from Georgia all the way to Maine thereby allowing visitors to behold a lot of spectacular scenery. The trail winds through a number of natural landscapes such as the Southern green and white mountains, passes through remote lakes before getting to Mount Katahdin.
Acadia National Park - The geographical terrain of this park, which is rocky with open summits are some of the reasons for its popularity. The view of the national park also includes the coastal area that is breathtaking and a "must see" for anyone visiting Maine.